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Instability of the O(5) multicritical behavior in the SO(5) theory of high-Tc superconductors

Hasenbusch, Martin and Pelissetto, Andrea and Vicari, Ettore (2005) Instability of the O(5) multicritical behavior in the SO(5) theory of high-Tc superconductors. Physical review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics, 72 . 014532. ISSN 1550-235X

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We study the nature of the multicritical point in the three-dimensional O(3)+O(2) symmetric Landau-Ginzburg-Wilson theory, which describes the competition of two order parameters that are O(3) and O(2) symmetric, respectively. This study is relevant for the SO(5) theory of high-Tc superconductors, which predicts the existence of a multicritical point in the temperature-doping phase diagram, where the antiferromagnetic and superconducting transition lines meet. We investigate whether the O(3)+O(2) symmetry gets effectively enlarged to O(5) approaching the multicritical point. For this purpose, we study the stability of the O(5) fixed point. By means of a Monte Carlo simulation, we show that the O(5) fixed point is unstable with respect to the spin-4 quartic perturbation with the crossover exponent $\phi_{4,4}=0.180(15)$, in substantial agreement with recent field-theoretical results. This estimate is much larger than the one-loop $\epsilon$-expansion estimate $\phi_{4,4}=1/26$, which has often been used in the literature to discuss the multicritical behavior within the SO(5) theory. Therefore, no symmetry enlargement is generically expected at the multicritical transition. We also perform a five-loop field-theoretical analysis of the renormalization-group flow. It shows that bicritical systems are not in the attraction domain of the stable decoupled fixed point. Thus, in these systems--high-Tc cuprates should belong to this class--the multicritical point corresponds to a first-order transition.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Imported from arXiv
Subjects: Area02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/02 - Fisica teorica, modelli e metodi matematici
Divisions: Dipartimenti (until 2012) > DIPARTIMENTO DI FISICA " E. FERMI"
Depositing User: dott.ssa Sandra Faita
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2015 15:31
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2015 15:31
URI: http://eprints.adm.unipi.it/id/eprint/1803

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