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Universal behavior of two-dimensional bosonic gases at Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transitions

Ceccarelli, G. and Nespolo, J. and Pelissetto, A. and Vicari, E. (2013) Universal behavior of two-dimensional bosonic gases at Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transitions. Physical review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics, 88 . 024517. ISSN 1550-235X

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We study the universal critical behavior of two-dimensional (2D) lattice bosonic gases at the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) transition, which separates the low-temperature superfluid phase from the high-temperature normal phase. For this purpose, we perform quantum Monte Carlo simulations of the hard-core Bose-Hubbard (BH) model at zero chemical potential. We determine the critical temperature by using a matching method that relates finite-size data for the BH model with corresponding data computed in the classical XY model. In this approach, the neglected scaling corrections decay as inverse powers of the lattice size L, and not as powers of 1/lnL, as in more standard approaches, making the estimate of the critical temperature much more reliable. Then, we consider the BH model in the presence of a trapping harmonic potential, and verify the universality of the trap-size dependence at the BKT critical point. This issue is relevant for experiments with quasi-2D trapped cold atoms.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Imported from arXiv
Subjects: Area02 - Scienze fisiche > FIS/02 - Fisica teorica, modelli e metodi matematici
Divisions: Dipartimenti (from 2013) > DIPARTIMENTO DI FISICA
Depositing User: dott.ssa Sandra Faita
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2015 16:21
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2015 16:21
URI: http://eprints.adm.unipi.it/id/eprint/1870

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