Barsotti, Giovanni and Lucchi, Lorenza and Romeo, Teresa and Di Gregoli, Enza and Carlucci, Fabio (2002) La visita oculistica nel cavallo. Annali della Facoltà di Medicina veterinaria, LV/200 . pp. 133-148. ISSN 0365-4729
RIASSUNTO In letteratura sono numerose le metodiche suggerite per l’esame oftalmologico del cavallo, e questo può creare una situazione che ingenera confusione nel medico veterinario che approda a questa branca specialistica della medicina veterinaria. Scopo di questo lavoro è quello di elaborare un protocollo standard applicabile nella pratica clinica. I risultati hanno evidenziato le difficoltà, soprattutto d’ordine gestionale, che il clinico deve affrontare durante la visita oculistica del cavallo. SUMMARY The ophthalmic examination requires a solid knowledge of diagnostic procedures and modalities available to veterinarians, and literature suggests a large number of techniques, confusing to the practitioner having to do the ophthalmic examination of the equine eye. Some Authors differentiate a basic eye examination from the one performed by a veterinary ophthalmologist. They both begin at a distance from the patient’s head, without instruments. Following this initial assessment, a closer examination is carried out with simple and specialized diagnostic procedures. During our clinical experience, we met many difficulties due to practical factors, the resolution of which enabled us to suggest and explain the main steps of a routine ophthalmic examination in the horse. It’s important to arrange an adequate darkened room which allows, in safe conditions for both the clinician and the horse, the examination of intraocular structures without interference from reflections. Most horses require chemical restraint in addition to the physical one; they should be restrained in stocks if possible. The auricolopalpebral motor nerve block is required in most horses, too. Two or three, or more people are necessary to actively help the examiner with his work. The complete ophthalmic examination in the horse lasts from 1 to 2 hours, a time much longer than what needed for small animals. For these and other reasons, this exam is very expensive.
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