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Establishment of in vitro tissue cultures from Echinacea angustifolia D.C. adult plants for the production of phytochemical compounds

Lucchesini, Mariella and Bertoli, Alessandra and Mensuali-Sodi, Anna and Pistelli, Luisa (2009) Establishment of in vitro tissue cultures from Echinacea angustifolia D.C. adult plants for the production of phytochemical compounds. Scientia Horticulturae, 122/20 (3). pp. 484-490. ISSN 0304-4238

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    SUMMARY The establishment of in vitro cultures of Echinacea angustifolia D.C. was obtained directly from sections of flower stalks of adult plants. The shoot formation was obtained from this plantmaterial placed on a modified MS basal medium named CH supplemented with 0.5 mg L1 6 benzylaminopurine (BA). The in vitro propagation procedure of E. angustifolia consisted of three distinct phases: an initial regeneration phase fromstalk sections (IP shoots on basal mediumwith 0.25 mg L1 BA), an elongation phase on active charcoal and an axillary proliferation of the shoots (AP shoots on basal medium with 0.5 mg L1 BA).Regenerating calli were established from leaves of in vitro shoots cultured on CH medium supplemented with 3 mg L1 BA and 0.5 mg L1 indole-3-butyric acid (IBA). Developed shoots from the callus cultures were subcultured on the CH medium with 0.5 mg L1 BA (leaf regenerated shoots: LR shoots). The secondary metabolite content of the in vitro plant material was compared with that of the greenhouse growing plants. The quali-quantitative LC-DAD-ESI-MS analysis on the extracts from axillary proliferation shoots (AP shoots) showed significant production of caffeic acid derivatives while leaf callus and LR shoots, accumulated mainly alkamides. These results showed that the proper choice of the procedures for in vitro multiplication allowed us to obtain plant biomass able to produce the active compounds typical of E. angustifolia plants.

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: alkamides, flavonoids, caffeic acid derivatives, Echinacea angustifolia, flower stalk, in vitro shoots, LC-DAD-ESI-MS.
    Subjects: Area05 - Scienze biologiche > BIO/04 - Fisiologia vegetale
    Area07 - Scienze agrarie e veterinarie > AGR/04 - Orticoltura e floricoltura
    Area03 - Scienze chimiche > CHIM/08 - Chimica farmaceutica
    Divisions: Dipartimenti (until 2012) > DIPARTIMENTO DI BIOLOGIA DELLE PIANTE AGRARIE
    Depositing User: Dott.PhD Mariella Lucchesini
    Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2010
    Last Modified: 20 Dec 2010 11:49
    URI: http://eprints.adm.unipi.it/id/eprint/646

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